Monday, May 1, 2017

How to recognize and treat skin wounds abrasions

An abrasion is the scraping of your skin which results in the outermost layers of your skin being removed.  This can happen by sliding on something hard, ie, falling off your bike, sliding across turf or the carpet.  These are also known as scrapes.  Immediate care for an abrasion is to flush and wound with hydrogen peroxide.  Be sure to gently remove debris if any is present.  Make sure to use an antibiotic to keep the wound moist.  Cover the wound with non-stick gauze and tape or a band-aid.  Lacerations are the tearing of the skin which results in an open wound with jagged edge.  This type of cut there will be more blood than with an abrasion.  When you can soak the wound in hydrogen peroxide to loosen any foreign material.  Remove the material and apply antibiotic and cover with a sterile dressing.  Usually you need to go to the doctor after a laceration because stitches may be needed and chance of infection is high.
 An incision is the cutting of the skin which results in a clean cut.  Most of the time it will bleed.  Clean the wound with soap and water and or hydrogen peroxide.  Minor incisions can be closed with a butterfly bandage or stei-strips.  You should apply a non-stick sterile dressing to the wound.  If the incision is large or on the face be sure to see a doctor for a determination if stitches are needed. A puncture wound is the direct penetration of tissues by a pointed object  such as a nail, pencil, knife or other sharp object .  If the object is deep in the skin protect the body part and call 911 or go to the doctor or hospital.  You should also be aware that shock could occur, so be prepared.  If you can remove the item clean around the wound and allow the blood to flow freely some to minimize the risk of infection.  After cleaning the wound, apply a sterile dressing.  Be sure to check with a doctor, because most puncture wounds can become infection.
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