Sunday, May 11, 2014

Plyometric training

Plyometric training involves quick, powerful movements. Plyometrics are closely related to a dynamic warm-up because the body is continuously moving through its full range of motion. The movements of this kind of training focuses on jumping, hopping and bounding movements for the lower body and swinging, quick action push-off, catching and throwing weighted objects, arm swings, and pulley throws for the upper body.

This form of training is used because it develops both strength and power in the muscles involved in sprinting and jumping. The main goal to plyometric training is to improve an athlete’s ability to generate maximum force in the shortest time. In track and field, this is important for not only the sprinters but for jumpers, pole vaulters, and throwers as well.

Sport load is adding weight to the body. Weight can be added to the body in many different forms, ranging from weighted vests, pants, and suits, to bats, balls, and poles. The purpose of sport loading is to improve explosive concentric movements.

The purpose of speed endurance training is to prevent an athlete from slowing down late in the game or at the end of a sprint. Speed endurance training will also improve an athlete’s ability to make repeated bursts of speed strong every time; this is important in sports such as soccer, field hockey, and lacrosse. It could even be important for baseball and softball. Different training programs exist that are designed to activate the specific energy systems needed for sport.